先上图

下拉刷新

跟原生开发一样,下拉刷新在flutter里提供的有组件实现 RefreshIndicator

一直不明白为啥组件中都提供下拉刷新,但就是没有上拉加载!!

我这请求接口数据用的是 http 库,是个第三方的是需要安装的 https://pub.dev/packages/http

用法如下

import 'package:flutter/scheduler.dart';

class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  MyHomePage({Key key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  MyHomeWidget2 createState() => MyHomeWidget2();
}

class MyHomeWidget2 extends State<MyHomePage> {
  int page = 1;
  List data = new List();
  var baseUrl = "https://cnodejs.org/api/v1";
  GlobalKey<RefreshIndicatorState> _refreshIndicatorKey;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _refreshIndicatorKey = new GlobalKey<RefreshIndicatorState>();
    // 进入页面立即显示刷新动画
    SchedulerBinding.instance.addPostFrameCallback((_){  _refreshIndicatorKey.currentState?.show(); } );

    this._onRefresh();
  }

  _fetchData() async {
    var response = await http.get(
        '${this.baseUrl}/topics?mdrender=false&limit=10&page=${this.page}');
    var json = await convert.jsonDecode(response.body);
    return json['data'];
  }

  Future<dynamic> _onRefresh() {
    data.clear();
    this.page = 1;
    return _fetchData().then((data) {
      setState(() => this.data.addAll(data));
    });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: RefreshIndicator( // 在ListView外包一层 RefreshIndicator 组件
        onRefresh: _onRefresh, // 添加onRefresh方法
        child: ListView.separated(
          itemCount: this.data.length,
          itemBuilder: (context, index) {
            var _data = this.data[index];
            return ListTile(
                leading: Image.network(_data["author"]["avatar_url"]),
                title: Text(_data["title"]),
                subtitle: Text(_data["author"]["loginname"] +
                    " created at " +
                    new DateTime.now().toString()),  // 为了看每次数据变动,这里直接取当前时间
                trailing: Icon(Icons.chevron_right));
          },
          separatorBuilder: (context, index) {
            return Divider();
          },
        )
    ));
  }
}

链接文原: https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/07/17/flutter-refresh-loadmore/

上拉加载

上拉加载原理还是一样的,给ListView加一个ScrollController组件,然后通过事件监听滚动条的高度来显示和隐藏加载更多的组件

先将加载更多的组件写好

Widget _loadMoreWidget() {
  return new Padding(
    padding: const EdgeInsets.all(15.0), // 外边距
    child: new Center(
      child: new CircularProgressIndicator()
    ),
  );
}

初始化一个 ScrollController 组件,将其设置给 ListView 组件的controller属性上

ScrollController _scrollController = new ScrollController();

child: ListView.separated(
  controller: _scrollController,
  //...
)

然后通过重写 dispost() 方法来处理加载更多组件的释放

@override
void dispose() {
  _scrollController.dispose();
  super.dispose();
}

最后通过数据源来控制界面渲染哪个组件,当数据源循环渲染的 index 跟数据源一样长时(其实少1,下标从0开始的)就渲染加载更多组件,让其显示出来,同时调用加载更多方法,获取数据,再通过state实现组件ui的更新

完整代码如下

class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  MyHomePage({Key key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  MyHomeWidget2 createState() => MyHomeWidget2();
}

class MyHomeWidget2 extends State<MyHomePage> {
  int page = 1;
  List data = new List();
  var baseUrl = "https://cnodejs.org/api/v1";

  GlobalKey<RefreshIndicatorState> _refreshIndicatorKey;
  ScrollController _scrollController;

  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();

    _scrollController = new ScrollController();
    _refreshIndicatorKey = new GlobalKey<RefreshIndicatorState>();
    // 进入页面立即显示刷新动画
    SchedulerBinding.instance.addPostFrameCallback((_){  _refreshIndicatorKey.currentState?.show(); } );

    this._onRefresh();

    _scrollController.addListener(() {
      if (_scrollController.position.pixels == _scrollController.position.maxScrollExtent) {
        _onLoadmore();
      }
    });
  }

  _fetchData() async {
    var response = await http.get(
        '${this.baseUrl}/topics?mdrender=false&limit=10&page=${this.page}');
    var json = await convert.jsonDecode(response.body);
    return json['data'];
  }

  Future<dynamic> _onRefresh() {
    data.clear();
    this.page = 1;
    return _fetchData().then((data) {
      setState(() => this.data.addAll(data));
    });
  }

  Future<dynamic> _onLoadmore() {
    this.page++;
    return _fetchData().then((data) {
      setState((){
        this.data.addAll(data);
      });
    });
  }

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _scrollController.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

  Widget _loadMoreWidget() {
    return new Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.all(15.0),
      child: new Center(
        child: new CircularProgressIndicator()
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: RefreshIndicator(
        onRefresh: _onRefresh,
        child: ListView.separated(
          controller: _scrollController,
          itemCount: this.data.length,
          itemBuilder: (context, index) {
            if (index == data.length - 1) {
              return _loadMoreWidget();
            } else {
              var _data = this.data[index];
              return ListTile(
                  leading: Image.network(_data["author"]["avatar_url"]),
                  title: Text(_data["title"]),
                  subtitle: Text(_data["author"]["loginname"] +
                      " created at " +
                      new DateTime.now().toString()),
                  trailing: Icon(Icons.chevron_right));
            }
          },
          separatorBuilder: (context, index) {
            return Divider();
          },
        )
    ));
  }
}

参考

原文链接: https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/07/17/flutter-refresh-loadmore/